Dali Bai Autonomous Prefecture

Dali Bai Autonomous Prefecture is a topic that has captured the attention and interest of many people today. With a history rich in detail and a significant impact on society, the Dali Bai Autonomous Prefecture has proven to be a source of debate and reflection for many. Over the years, Dali Bai Autonomous Prefecture has evolved and adapted to changing circumstances, making it a relevant topic today. In this article, we will explore the different facets and perspectives of Dali Bai Autonomous Prefecture, as well as its influence on various aspects of daily life.

Dali Prefecture
大理州 · Darl•lit Zox
大理白族自治州
Darl•lit Baif•cuf zirl•zirl•zox
Dali Bai Autonomous Prefecture
Location of Dali Prefecture in Yunnan
Location of Dali Prefecture in Yunnan
CountryChina
ProvinceYunnan
Admin HQDali
Government
 • TypeAutonomous prefecture
 • CCP SecretaryYang Guozong
 • Congress ChairmanZhang Jianping
 • GovernorYang Guozong
 • CPPCC ChairmanZhu Jianbin
Area
 • Total29,459 km2 (11,374 sq mi)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total3,456,000
 • Density120/km2 (300/sq mi)
GDP
 • TotalCN¥ 170 billion
US$ 25.1 billion
 • Per capitaCN¥ 51,302
US$ 7,567
Postal code
671000
Area code0872
ISO 3166 codeCN-YN-29
Websitehttp://www.dali.gov.cn/

Dali Bai Autonomous Prefecture (Chinese: 大理白族自治州; pinyin: Dàlǐ Báizú Zìzhìzhōu; Bai: Darl•lit Baif•cuf zirl•zirl•zox) is an autonomous prefecture of northwestern Yunnan Province, People's Republic of China. between longitudes 98°52′ to 101°03′ east and latitudes 24°41′ to 26°42′ north, it has a subtropical plateau monsoon climate with distinct dry and wet seasons. Most areas do not experience extreme heat in summer or severe cold in winter, covering a total area of 29,459 square kilometers. By the end of 2023, the permanent population of the Dali Bai Autonomous Prefecture was 3.342 million people. As of March 2023, the Dali Bai Autonomous Prefecture governed one county-level city and 11 counties, with 110 townships, and the People's Government of the Autonomous Prefecture is based in Xiaguan, Dali City.

The Dali Bai Autonomous Prefecture has a long history. As far back as the Neolithic Age, the ancestors of ethnic minorities such as the Bai people and Yi people and thrived here. During the Tang and Song dynasties, local governments such as the "Kingdom of Nanzhao" and the "Kingdom of Dali" emerged. In 1956, the Dali Bai Autonomous Prefecture was established. The capital, Dali City, is the intersection of the Yunnan-Burma Road and the Yunnan-Tibet Road, historically an important transit point for the "Shu-Sindu Road" and the "Tea Horse Road," and now is planned by Yunnan Province as the central city of Western Yunnan, a regional transportation hub, and the logistics center of Western Yunnan.

The Dali Bai Autonomous Prefecture boasts more than 130 scenic spots and historical sites, including the Buddhist holy land of Mount Jizu, the famous Taoist mountain of Weibaoshan, the magnificent stone carvings of Shibaoshan, and the plateau pearl of Erhai Lake. The Cangshan and Erhai are national-level scenic spots, and "Cangshan Nature and the Cultural Relics of Nanzhao" are dual national natural and cultural heritages.

In 2022, the Dali Bai Autonomous Prefecture achieved a regional gross domestic product (GDP) of 169.96 billion yuan, growing by 2.4% compared to the previous year.

Historical Evolution

In the twenty-sixth year of the reign of Emperor Qin Shi Huang (221 BC), the Dali region was incorporated into the unified feudal state of the Qin Dynasty.

In the second year of the Yuanfeng(元封) era of the Han Dynasty (109 BC), the Western Han Dynasty dispatched tens of thousands of soldiers from Ba and Shu to attack the Laojin(劳浸) and Mimu(靡莫) tribes, "advancing with troops to Dian,"(以兵临滇) where the "King of Dian"(滇王)submitted to the Han. The Western Han Dynasty established the Yizhou Prefecture in the area ruled by the "King of Dian." In the same year, the Han Dynasty sent Guo Chang(郭昌) and Wei Guang(卫广) to attack the "Kunming" tribe in the Dali region that had obstructed the Han envoys. In the fourth year of the Yuanfeng era (107 BC) and the sixth year of the Yuanfeng era (105 BC), Guo Chang led troops twice more to attack the "Kunming" tribe, and "a few years later, they also annexed the land of Kunming." Four counties, Ye Yu(叶榆), Yunnan(云南), Xielong(邪龙), and Bisu(比苏), were established in the Dali region, under the jurisdiction of Yizhou Prefecture, and since then, the Dali region was officially incorporated into the territory of the Han Dynasty.

During the Eastern Han period, the Dali region was under the jurisdiction of Yongchang(永昌郡) Prefecture, with the four counties of Ye Yu, Xilong, Yunnan, and Bisu established during the Western Han period remaining unchanged, and a new county, Bo Nan (now Yongping County), was added.

During the Three Kingdoms period, what is now Yunnan, Guizhou, and the southwestern part of Sichuan were known as Nan Zhong and were part of the Shu Kingdom.

In the seventh year of the Tai Kai era of the Western Jin Dynasty (271 AD), the Jin Dynasty divided the four prefectures established by the Shu Han in Nan Zhong, establishing Ning State(宁州).

During the Southern Dynasties, as the Central Plains were in a situation of feudal division, Yunnan was successively ruled by the Song, Southern Qi, Liang, Northern Wei, Western Wei, and Northern Zhou dynasties.

In the fifth year of the Kai Huang era of the Sui Dynasty (585 AD), Emperor Wen of Sui, Yang Jian, dispatched Wei Chong as the governor of Nan Ning(南宁州) State, and established Gongzhou(恭州), Xiezhou(协州), and Kunzhou(昆州) in Yunnan.

In the fourth year of the Wu De era of the Tang Dynasty (621 AD), the Tang sent envoys to the Erhai region to appease the various tribes of the "Kunming" Man. In the seventh year of Wu De (624 AD), the chief commander of the prefecture, Wei Renshou,(韦仁寿) led five hundred soldiers to the Western Erhai River, "by imperial authority, established eight prefectures and seventeen counties, and appointed their leaders as chiefs and governors." From the eighth year of Tianbao (749 AD) to the thirteenth year of Tianbao (754 AD), the "An Lushan rebellion" broke out between the Tang and Nanzhao dynasties. In the following 40 years, Nanzhao continued to expand outward, expanding its territory and establishing a multi-ethnic state that included eastern Guizhou, northern Vietnam, southern Xishuangbanna, northern Myanmar, northwestern Tibet's Shenchuan神川 (now Lijiang), and northeast to Xuzhou戌州 (now Yibin) in Sichuan.

In the second year of Tianfu of the Later Jin Dynasty (937 AD), Duan Siping, the military governor of Tonghai of the Later Jin, joined forces with the thirty-seven eastern regions to march on Dali, overthrew the Dayining Kingdom(大义宁国), and established the Dali Kingdom.

In the first year of the Baoyou era of the Southern Song Dynasty (1253 AD), Kublai Khan led the central road army, crossed the Dadu River, "traveled through the mountains and valleys for more than 2000 miles," passing through present-day Yanyuan and Yongsheng, and directly reached the Jinsha River, "crossing by leather bags and rafts," arriving in the territory of Lijiang today. Kublai Khan led his troops to capture Jianchuan and Heqing, and pressed on to Dali City from Shangguan. The city was broken, the Prime Minister of Dali, Gao Xiang(高祥), was killed, and the King of Dali, Duan Xingzhi(段兴智), fled to the Dian Lake area. In the second year of Baoyou (1254 AD), Uriangqada continued to march, successively pacifying the five cities, eight prefectures, four counties, and 37 departments of the Bai and Black Man of the Dali Kingdom, and captured the King of Dali, Duan Xingzhi, in Kunze(昆泽) (now Yiliang), and the Dali Kingdom fell.




Map
# Name Simplified Chinese Hanyu Pinyin Population
(2010)
Area (km2) Density
(/km2)
1 Dali City 大理市 Dàlǐ Shì 652,000 1,468 444
2 Xiangyun County 祥云县 Xiángyún Xiàn 456,000 2,498 183
3 Binchuan County 宾川县 Bīnchuān Xiàn 349,000 2,627 133
4 Midu County 弥渡县 Mídù Xiàn 313,000 1,571 199
5 Yongping County 永平县 Yǒngpíng Xiàn 175,000 2,884 61
6 Yunlong County 云龙县 Yúnlóng Xiàn 200,000 4,712 42
7 Eryuan County 洱源县 Ěryuán Xiàn 268,000 2,961 91
8 Jianchuan County 剑川县 Jiànchuān Xiàn 170,000 2,318 73
9 Heqing County 鹤庆县 Hèqìng Xiàn 255,000 2,395 106
10 Yangbi Yi Autonomous County 漾濞彝族自治县 Yàngbì Yízú Zìzhìxiàn 102,000 1,957 52
11 Nanjian Yi Autonomous County 南涧彝族自治县 Nánjiàn Yízú Zìzhìxiàn 212,000 1,802 118
12 Weishan Yi and Hui Autonomous County 巍山彝族回族自治县 Wēishān Yízú Huízú Zìzhìxiàn 304,000 2,266 134

Demography

Ethnic groups in Dali, 2000 census

Ethnicity Population Percentage
Han 1,659,730 50.35%
Bai 1,081,167 32.8%
Yi 426,634 12.94%
Hui 66,085 2.0%
Lisu 31,972 0.97%
Miao 10,967 0.33%
Naxi 4,302 0.13%
Achang 3,330 0.1%
Others 12,365 0.38%

Local holidays

In addition to the national public holidays observed throughout China, Dali prefecture has local public holidays. Residents get three days off, from the 15th to the 17th day of the third month of the Chinese calendar, for the Third Month Fair (三月街), a traditional festival of the Bai people. Residents also get two days off, on November 22 and 23, for the Anniversary of the Establishment of the Autonomous Prefecture (自治州成立纪念日).

References

  1. ^ According to 2010 China National Census Archived 2012-03-25 at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ 云南省统计局、国家统计局云南调查总队 (December 2023). 《云南统计年鉴-2023》. 中国统计出版社. ISBN 978-7-5037-9653-1.
  3. ^ "China: Administrative Division (Provinces and Prefectures) - Population Statistics, Charts and Map". www.citypopulation.de. Retrieved 2024-06-11.
  4. ^ "Dali Prefecture Yunnan: A Must-go Place in Yunnan with Erhai Lake". www.travelchinaguide.com. Retrieved 2024-06-11.
  5. ^ "A History of China by Morris Rossabi" (PDF).
  6. ^ "Understanding the transport networks complex between South Asia, Southeast Asia and China during the late Neolithic and Bronze Age".
  7. ^ "GDP: per Capita: Yunnan: Dali | Economic Indicators | CEIC". www.ceicdata.com. Retrieved 2024-06-11.
  8. ^ "大理州2023年放假通知来啦!三月街放假3天、州庆2天". www.sohu.com. Retrieved 19 March 2023.

External links

25°41′N 100°10′E / 25.69°N 100.16°E / 25.69; 100.16