Honghe Hani and Yi Autonomous Prefecture

In today's world, Honghe Hani and Yi Autonomous Prefecture is a topic of great relevance and interest to a wide audience. Over time, Honghe Hani and Yi Autonomous Prefecture has captured the attention of people of all ages and professions, becoming a recurring topic of conversation in society. Whether due to its impact on everyday life, its historical relevance or its influence in the professional field, Honghe Hani and Yi Autonomous Prefecture has managed to transcend barriers and capture the interest of a wide audience. In this article, we will further explore the impact and importance of Honghe Hani and Yi Autonomous Prefecture, analyzing its different facets and its relevance in the current context.

23°22′N 103°22′E / 23.36°N 103.37°E / 23.36; 103.37

Honghe Prefecture
红河州
Honghe Hani and Yi Autonomous Prefecture
红河哈尼族彝族自治州 (Chinese)
Haoqhoq Haqniqssaq Haqhholssaq Ziiqziifzel (Hani)
ꉼꉻꆈꌠꊨꏦꏱꅉꍏ (Yi)
Location of Honghe Prefecture in Yunnan
Location of Honghe Prefecture in Yunnan
CountryPeople's Republic of China
ProvinceYunnan
County-level division3 county-level cities
7 counties
3 autonomous counties
Prefecture established6 September 1957
Prefecture seatMengzi
Area
 • Autonomous prefecture32,929 km2 (12,714 sq mi)
Highest elevation
(Xilongshan, Jinping County)
3,074.3 m (10,086.3 ft)
Lowest elevation
(Confluence of the Hong River and Nanxi River in Hekou)
76.4 m (250.7 ft)
Population
 (31 December 2019)
 • Autonomous prefecture4,775,000
 • Density150/km2 (380/sq mi)
 • Urban
33.7%
GDP
 • Autonomous prefectureCN¥ 286.3 billion
US$ 42.2 billion
 • Per capitaCN¥ 64,768
US$ 9,553
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
Postal code
661400
Area code0873
ISO 3166 codeCN-YN-25
Licence plate prefixes云G
WebsiteHH.gov.cn
The old city gate of Jianshui County
Rice terraced mountains of Yuanyang County near sunset
Honghe
Traditional Chinese紅河
Simplified Chinese红河
PostalHungho
Honghe Hani and Yi Autonomous Prefecture
Traditional Chinese紅河哈尼族彝族自治州
Simplified Chinese红河哈尼族彝族自治州
PostalHungho Hani and I Autonomous Prefecture

Honghe Hani and Yi Autonomous Prefecture (simplified Chinese: 红河哈尼族彝族自治州; traditional Chinese: 紅河哈尼族彝族自治州; pinyin: Hónghé Hānízú Yízú Zìzhìzhōu; Hani: Haoqhoq Haqniqssaq Haqhholssaq Ziiqziifzel; Yi: ꉼꉸꉳꆃꁈꆃꁈꊨꏦꍓ) is an autonomous prefecture in Southeast-Central Yunnan Province, China, bordering Vietnam's Lào Cai and Lai Châu provinces to the south. Its name is derived from the Hong (Red) River and the two major ethnic minority groups who live there: the Yi and the Hani. Honghe has an area of 32,929 square kilometres (12,714 sq mi) and its seat is Mengzi. The total population is 4.8 million, of which 61.3% belong to ethnic minorities.

In 2008, the State Administration of Cultural Heritage of the People's Republic of China nominated the Honghe Hani Terraced Fields of Yuanyang County for World Heritage Site status. It was added to the list on 22 June 2013, bringing the total number of World Heritage Sites in China to 45.

Subdivisions

The prefecture is subdivided into 13 county-level divisions: 4 county-level cities, 6 counties, and 3 autonomous counties:

Map
Name Hanzi Hanyu Pinyin Population
(2010)
Area (km2) Density
(/km2)
Mengzi City 蒙自市 Méngzì Shì 417,200 2,228 187
Gejiu City 个旧市 Gèjiù Shì 459,800 1,597 288
Kaiyuan City 开远市 Kāiyuǎn Shì 322,700 2,009 161
Mile City 弥勒市 Mílè Shì 539,700 4,004 135
Lüchun County 绿春县 Lǜchūn Xiàn 222,200 3,167 70
Jianshui County 建水县 Jiànshuǐ Xiàn 531,500 3,940 135
Shiping County 石屏县 Shípíng Xiàn 299,100 3,090 97
Luxi County 泸西县 Lúxī Xiàn 400,700 1,674 239
Yuanyang County 元阳县 Yuányáng Xiàn 396,800 2,292 173
Honghe County 红河县 Hónghé Xiàn 296,500 2,034 146
Jinping Miao, Yao and Dai Autonomous County 金平苗族瑶族傣族自治县 Jīnpíng Miáozú Yáozú Dǎizú Zìzhìxiàn 356,200 3,677 97
Hekou Yao Autonomous County 河口瑶族自治县 Hékǒu Yáozú Zìzhìxiàn 104,600 1,313 80
Pingbian Miao Autonomous County 屏边苗族自治县 Píngbiān Miáozú Zìzhìxiàn 154,000 1,905 81

Demographics

At the end of 2019, Honghe Prefecture had 4.775 million residents, of which 61.3% belonged to ethnic minorities.

Ethnic groups in Honghe, 2010 census

Nationality Population Percentage
Han 1,928,601 42.85%
Yi 1,043,599 23.19%
Hani 789,702 17.55%
Hmong 326,141 7.25%
Zhuang 111,182 2.47%
Dai 106,150 2.36%
Yao 92,759 2.06%
Hui 74,767 1.66%
Lahu 11,430 0.25%
Bai 4,846 0.11%
Others 11,719 0.26%
Total 4,500,896

Ethnic subgroups

The Red River forms the border between Honghe Prefecture's Jinping County (background) and Hekou County (foreground). Bananas are grown in abundance on both sides of the river

Honghe Prefecture has the following ethnic Hani subgroups (Honghe Ethnic Gazetteer 1989:32):

Honghe Prefecture has the following 10 ethnic Yi subgroups (Honghe Ethnic Gazetteer 1989:68):

  • Nisubo 尼苏泼 (exonyms and other names: Luoluo 罗罗, Sandaohong 三道红, Huayao 花腰, Muji 母基)
  • Nibo 尼泼 (exonyms and other names: Sani 撒尼, Azhe 阿哲)
  • Gepo 葛泼 (exonyms and other names: White Yi 白彝)
  • Siqi 斯期 (exonyms and other names: Large Black Yi 大黑彝, Small Black Yi 小黑彝)
  • Axibo 阿细泼 (exonyms and other names: Axi 阿细)
  • Puwabo 朴瓦泼, Pulebo 普勒泼 (exonyms and other names: Pula 朴喇)
  • Alubo 阿鲁泼 (exonyms and other names: Alu 阿鲁)
  • Lesubo 勒苏泼 (exonyms and other names: Shansu 山苏)
  • Luobo 罗泼 (exonyms and other names: Awu 阿务, Laowu 老乌)
  • Xiangtang 香堂

Transportation

Roads

Railways

The prefecture is crossed by the early-20th century narrow-gauge Kunming–Hai Phong Railway and its branches. These railways have lost most of their economic importance after the opening of the standard-gauge Kunming-Hekou railway (whose sections within the prefecture are the Yuxi–Mengzi Railway and the Mengzi–Hekou Railway).

The prefecture is also served by the Nanning–Kunming high-speed railway and Mile–Mengzi Railway (under construction).

Airport

Honghe Mengzi Airport is being built in the prefectural capital Mengzi.

References

  1. ^ 云南省统计局、国家统计局云南调查总队 (December 2023). 《云南统计年鉴-2023》. 中国统计出版社. ISBN 978-7-5037-9653-1.
  2. ^ "美丽红河__红河哈尼族彝族自治州人民政府门户网站". hh.gov.cn. Retrieved 23 January 2021.
  3. ^ "红河蒙自机场开工建设". hh.gov.cn. Retrieved 15 May 2021.

External links