Shaoguan

In today's world, Shaoguan has become a topic of great relevance and interest to a wide spectrum of society. Whether due to its impact on the economy, politics, technology or culture, Shaoguan has positioned itself as a key point in the discussion and analysis of various aspects of modern life. Since its inception, Shaoguan has sparked curiosity and debate, generating conflicting opinions and encouraging the search for solutions and innovations. Throughout history, Shaoguan has been the protagonist of countless significant events, marking a before and after in the way in which various topics are conceived and addressed. In this article, we will explore the different dimensions and facets of Shaoguan, analyzing its importance and implications in the contemporary world.

Shaoguan
韶关市
Shiukwan
Left to right, top to bottom: Downtown Shaoguan from across the Bei River, street scene in central Shaoguan, Shaoyang Tower, the Pagoda of Sixi Temple, aerial view of the city
Map
Location of Shaoguan City jurisdiction in Guangdong
Location of Shaoguan City jurisdiction in Guangdong
Shaoguan is located in China
Shaoguan
Shaoguan
Location in China
Coordinates (Shaoguan municipal government): 24°48′40″N 113°35′49″E / 24.811°N 113.597°E / 24.811; 113.597
CountryPeople's Republic of China
ProvinceGuangdong
County-level divisions10
Municipal seatZhenjiang District
Government
 • CPC SecretaryJiang Ling (江凌)
 • MayorLuo Weifeng (骆蔚峰)
Area
 • Prefecture-level city18,645 km2 (7,199 sq mi)
 • Urban
2,870.7 km2 (1,108.4 sq mi)
 • Metro
2,870.7 km2 (1,108.4 sq mi)
Elevation
59 m (194 ft)
Population
 (2020 census)
 • Prefecture-level city2,855,131
 • Density150/km2 (400/sq mi)
 • Urban
1,028,460
 • Urban density360/km2 (930/sq mi)
 • Metro
1,028,460
 • Metro density360/km2 (930/sq mi)
GDP
 • Prefecture-level cityCN¥ 155.4 billion
US$ 24.1 billion
 • Per capitaCN¥ 54,377
US$ 8,429
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
Area code(0)751
ISO 3166 codeCN-GD-02
Licence plate prefixes粤F
Local dialectHakka (regional)
Cantonese (native; provincial level)
Major NationalitiesHan
Shaoguan
"Shaoguan" in Traditional (top) and Simplified (bottom) Chinese characters
Simplified Chinese韶关
Traditional Chinese韶關
PostalShiukwan
Shiuchow (former)
Literal meaningBeautiful pass

Shaoguan is a prefecture-level city in northern Guangdong Province (Yuebei), South China, bordering Hunan to the northwest and Jiangxi to the northeast. It is home to the mummified remains of the sixth Zen Buddhist patriarch Huineng. Its built-up (or metro) area made up of Zhenjiang, Wujiang and Qujiang urban conurbated districts was home to 1,028,460 inhabitants as of the 2020 census.

History

Shaozhou was a prefecture under the Tang and Song.

In 1589, Matteo Ricci relocated his mission house – the first ever Jesuit mission in mainland China – to Shaoguan after a fallout with the authorities in Zhaoqing. He remained in Shaoguan for a few years, eventually benefiting from Shaoguan's location on the important north-south travel route to establish connections with traveling dignitaries that allowed him to move north, to Nanchang, Nanjing, and Beijing.

During World War II the city, then called Kukong, was the temporary capital of Guangdong Province.

In June 2009, Uyghurs and Han workers clashed at a toy factory in Shaoguan (Shaoguan incident), which was followed by the Ürümqi riots in July.

Geography

Fields in Shaoguan

Shaoguan is the northernmost prefecture-level city of Guangdong, bordering Chenzhou (Hunan) to the northwest and north, Ganzhou (Jiangxi) to the northeast, Heyuan to the east, Guangzhou and Huizhou to the south, and Qingyuan to the west. It spans latitude 23° 53'−25° 31' N and longitude 112° 53'−114° 45' E. It is situated at the southern end of the Nan Mountains (Nan Ling), which primarily run east-west here, and is marked by numerous erosion-created valleys; within its borders lies the 1,902 m (6,240 ft) Mount Shikeng (石坑崆), the highest point in the province. The city is located on the Jingguang Railway (Beijing−Guangzhou) about 221 kilometres (137 mi) north of the provincial capital of Guangzhou. Shaoguan is also readily accessible by road as it is adjacent to the G4 Beijing–Hong Kong and Macau Expressway as well as numerous other National Highways.

At Shaoguan, the Wu River from the northwest and the Zhen River from the northeast join up to create the North River (Bei Jiang) which flows south to Guangzhou. The downtown part of Shaoguan is located on a peninsula between the Wu and Zhen Rivers. The rivers are maintained at a constant level by a dam about 12 kilometres (7.5 mi) downstream from the city. The city has about 20 kilometres (12 mi) of tree-lined riverside esplanades along the banks of the rivers. There are seven bridges crossing the three rivers.

Climate

Shaoguan has a monsoon-influenced humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cfa), with short, mild, damp winters, rainy springs, long, hot, and humid summers, and relatively sunny autumns. Due to the city's location far inland, winters are significantly cooler than in the rest of the province, with freezing rain possible in the nearby mountain passes in some years. Winter begins dry and relatively sunny but becomes progressively cloudier and damper. Spring is the cloudiest and wettest season, with the sun shining less than 30% of the time. The annual rainfall is around 1,600 mm (63 in), much of it delivered from April thru June. The monthly 24-hour average temperature ranges from 10.3 °C (50.5 °F) in January to 29.0 °C (84.2 °F) in July; the annual mean is 20.5 °C (68.9 °F). With monthly percent possible sunshine ranging from 16% in March to 54% in July, the city receives 1,617 hours of bright sunshine annually.

Climate data for Shaoguan (1991–2020 normals, extremes 1971–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 27.7
(81.9)
30.5
(86.9)
32.6
(90.7)
33.7
(92.7)
36.4
(97.5)
38.5
(101.3)
40.4
(104.7)
40.3
(104.5)
38.3
(100.9)
36.6
(97.9)
34.0
(93.2)
28.5
(83.3)
40.4
(104.7)
Mean daily maximum °C (°F) 14.9
(58.8)
17.2
(63.0)
19.7
(67.5)
25.1
(77.2)
29.0
(84.2)
31.5
(88.7)
33.8
(92.8)
33.7
(92.7)
31.4
(88.5)
27.9
(82.2)
22.8
(73.0)
17.2
(63.0)
25.3
(77.6)
Daily mean °C (°F) 10.3
(50.5)
12.7
(54.9)
15.6
(60.1)
20.9
(69.6)
24.7
(76.5)
27.3
(81.1)
28.8
(83.8)
28.4
(83.1)
26.2
(79.2)
22.2
(72.0)
17.0
(62.6)
11.7
(53.1)
20.5
(68.9)
Mean daily minimum °C (°F) 7.2
(45.0)
9.6
(49.3)
12.8
(55.0)
17.8
(64.0)
21.6
(70.9)
24.4
(75.9)
25.4
(77.7)
24.9
(76.8)
22.6
(72.7)
18.1
(64.6)
13.1
(55.6)
8.0
(46.4)
17.1
(62.8)
Record low °C (°F) −2.5
(27.5)
−1.4
(29.5)
0.9
(33.6)
5.7
(42.3)
12.7
(54.9)
16.6
(61.9)
20.1
(68.2)
20.1
(68.2)
15.1
(59.2)
6.3
(43.3)
1.6
(34.9)
−4.3
(24.3)
−4.3
(24.3)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 78.1
(3.07)
88.9
(3.50)
189.7
(7.47)
207.1
(8.15)
303.3
(11.94)
288.5
(11.36)
151.7
(5.97)
144.1
(5.67)
93.3
(3.67)
46.2
(1.82)
64.9
(2.56)
56.9
(2.24)
1,712.7
(67.42)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 10.9 12.1 18.6 17.0 18.3 18.7 14.1 14.0 10.3 5.9 7.6 7.8 155.3
Average snowy days 0.4 0.1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.2 0.7
Average relative humidity (%) 77 78 82 81 81 81 77 78 78 73 75 74 78
Mean monthly sunshine hours 87.2 77.7 66.8 88.5 123.9 145.8 214.1 198.8 171.9 171.4 137.5 125.8 1,609.4
Percent possible sunshine 26 24 18 23 30 36 51 50 47 48 42 38 36
Source 1: China Meteorological Administration
Source 2: Weather China

Administrative divisions

Shaoguan has direct jurisdiction over 3 districts, 2 county-level cities and 5 counties:

Map Name Simplified Chinese Hanyu Pinyin Population
(2010 census)
Area
(km2)
Density
(/km2)
Zhenjiang District 浈江区 Zhēnjiāng Qū 393,521 572.11 688
Wujiang District 武江区 Wǔjiāng Qū 294,708 677.78 435
Qujiang District 曲江区 Qǔjiāng Qū 303,371 1,620.77 187
Shixing County 始兴县 Shǐxīng Xiàn 205,452 2,131.91 96
Renhua County 仁化县 Rénhuà Xiàn 200,354 2,223.22 99
Wengyuan County 翁源县 Wēngyuán Xiàn 331,120 2,174.87 152
Xinfeng County 新丰县 Xīnfēng Xiàn 206,091 1,967.39 105
Ruyuan Yao Autonomous County 乳源瑶族自治县 Rǔyuán Yáozú Zìzhìxiàn 177,471 2,299.01 77
Lechang City 乐昌市 Lèchāng Shì 397,779 2,419,28 164
Nanxiong City 南雄市 Nánxióng Shì 316,179 2,326,18 136

Tourism

The Fengcai Tower (风采楼) in the centre of Shaoguan was built in the Ming Dynasty. To the south of the tower, at the other end of a pedestrian shopping street, the Dajian Monastery was founded in 660.

Near Shaoguan is the town of Maba, home of relics and museum of the Maba Man, Chinese Neanderthals. Near Maba is Nanhua Temple, which was founded by Huineng, the Sixth Patriarch of Zen Buddhism. Shaoguan Iron and Steel is also located near Maba.

Danxia Mountain is located in Renhua County, Shaoguan.

Northwest of Shaoguan, at the town of Pingshi, a stretch of river known as the Nine Torrents and Eighteen Shoals is a popular place for white-water rafting.

The city is served by Shaoguan Danxia Airport.

Education

Shaoguan University is located in the city.

Language

The main languages spoken are Hakka and Shaozhou Tuhua, related to Ping Chinese. Shaozhounese is spoken in Shaozhou city and Hakka (mainly Yetpet and Seunan dialects) are spoken in neighboring counties.

Notable people:

  • Zhang, Jiu Ling (張九齡): a high ranking official of Tang Dynasty. (A.D. 618–A.D. 1127)
  • Yu, Jing (余靖): a high ranking official of northern Song Dynasty. (A.D 960–A.D. 1127)
  • Chu, Siu Hung (朱韶洪): Hong Kong social activist
  • Regina Ho Yee Ting (何依婷): winner of 2017 Miss Hong Kong pageant, also an actress of Hong Kong

Gallery

See also

Notes

References

  1. ^ Guăngdōng: Prefectures, Cities, Districts and Counties
  2. ^ 广东省统计局、国家统计局广东调查总队 (August 2016). 《广东统计年鉴-2016》. 中国统计出版社. ISBN 978-7-5037-7837-7. Archived from the original on 2017-12-22.
  3. ^ "Search result of CHINA: Guăngdōng at citypopulation website".
  4. ^ De Christiana expeditione apud Sinas
  5. ^ the Yearbook of Shaoguan. "Natural geography". Shaoguan Government.
  6. ^ 中国气象数据网 – WeatherBk Data (in Simplified Chinese). China Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 28 May 2023.
  7. ^ 中国气象数据网 (in Simplified Chinese). China Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 28 May 2023.
  8. ^ 韶关 - 气象数据 -中国天气网 (in Chinese). Weather China. Retrieved 27 November 2022.

External links